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All About Polyester Fabric

date 2023-08-07

What is Polyester Fabric?


Polyester is a synthetic polymer derived from petroleum. It is made by combining ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid, resulting in long chains of repeating molecules. These chains are then spun into fibers or filaments to create polyester fabric. The fabric's manufacturing process allows for various modifications, resulting in different types of polyester with distinct properties.


The History of Polyester Fabric


Polyester's history dates back to the early 20th century when British chemists John Whinfield and James Dickson first invented the polymer in 1941. However, it wasn't until the 1950s when polyester fabric became commercially available and gained popularity as a cheaper alternative to natural fibers like cotton and wool.


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Properties and Advantages of Polyester Fabric


Durable and Long-lasting

Polyester fabric is renowned for its durability and long-lasting nature. The fibers are resistant to abrasion and tearing, making them ideal for garments and textiles that undergo regular use and washing.


Easy to Care For

One of the major advantages of polyester fabric is its ease of care. Unlike some natural fibers that require delicate handling, polyester can withstand machine washing and drying without losing its shape or color.


Resistant to Wrinkles and Shrinkage

Polyester is naturally resistant to wrinkles and shrinkage, ensuring that garments and textiles retain their original appearance even after multiple uses and washes.


Moisture-Wicking and Quick-Drying

Polyester fabric has excellent moisture-wicking properties, making it a popular choice for activewear and sportswear. It wicks away sweat from the skin, promoting quick evaporation and keeping the wearer dry during physical activities.


Versatile and Lightweight

Polyester's versatility allows it to mimic the texture and feel of natural fibers while offering additional benefits like being lightweight and quick-drying.


Affordable and Cost-Effective

Compared to many natural fibers, polyester is more affordable, making it an attractive option for budget-conscious consumers without compromising on quality.


Types of Polyester Fabric


Polyester Fibers

Polyester fibers can be spun into various forms, such as staple fibers or filaments. Staple fibers are short and fluffy, while filaments are continuous, creating a smoother and silkier fabric.


Polyester Blends

Polyester is often blended with other fibers, such as cotton or spandex, to enhance its properties. Blending allows designers to create fabrics that combine the best characteristics of both fibers.


Microfiber Polyester

Microfiber polyester is an ultra-fine variation of polyester fabric known for its softness and ability to repel water. It is commonly used for high-end beddings and athletic wear.


Recycled Polyester

With growing concerns about sustainability, recycled polyester has gained popularity. It is made from post-consumer plastic bottles, reducing the demand for new raw materials.


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Common Uses of Polyester Fabric


Apparel and Fashion

Polyester is widely used in the fashion industry for making clothing items such as shirts, dresses, skirts, and trousers. Its versatility allows designers to create a wide range of styles and patterns.


Home Textiles

Polyester is a popular choice for home textiles like bedsheets, curtains, and upholstery due to its durability and resistance to fading.


Outdoor Gear and Sportswear

Its moisture-wicking properties make polyester fabric suitable for outdoor gear, including jackets, raincoats, and camping equipment.


Industrial Applications

Polyester's strength and resistance to chemicals make it suitable for industrial applications like conveyor belts, safety belts, and tire reinforcements.


Environmental Impact of Polyester Fabric


While polyester has many benefits, it also raises environmental concerns. The production of polyester involves the use of non-renewable resources, and its non-biodegradable nature contributes to pollution. However, efforts are being made to address these issues through recycling initiatives and sustainable manufacturing practices.


Tips for Caring for Polyester Fabric


To ensure the longevity of polyester products, follow these care tips:

Machine wash with cold water and gentle cycle.

Avoid using bleach or fabric softeners.

Tumble dry on low heat or air dry to prevent shrinkage.

Iron on low heat if necessary.


How to Identify High-Quality Polyester Fabric


Check the Fabric's Weight: High-quality polyester fabric feels substantial and has a good weight to it.

Examine the Weave: Look for a tight and uniform weave, as this indicates durability.

Inspect the Color: The color should be consistent throughout the fabric without any fading or discoloration.

Feel the Texture: High-quality polyester should feel smooth and soft to the touch.


Where to buy polyester fabric´╝č


Hangzhou Xiaoshan Zhengda Textile Co., Ltd. is a professional baby fabric manufacturer in China. Our products include oxford fabric, jacquard fabric, Polyester and Nylon fabric, Solution Dye fabric, Cationic fabric etc. With applications ranging from clothing to luggage, bags or other outdoor sports and tourism supplies.


100% polyester cationic fabric with PU /PVC coating

1680D Denier PVC-PU Coated Polyester Fabric